Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that affects how your body uses blood sugar. Your body will always require energy. When there is an improper functioning in the body, it will be hard for your body to be supplied with sufficient power. You will need glucose, for it is an essential source of energy. All the cells that make up your muscles will need glucose. Glucose also plays a role as the primary brain fuel. When there is an abnormality in how the glucose is controlled in your body, it results in diabetes.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes can be defined as a metabolic disorder resulting from a high blood sugar level, a complication you can call it hyperglycemia. Glucose is responsible for increasing the energy levels in your body. The pancreas is an organ in the blood system that releases an insulin enzyme accountable for the conversion of glucose into energy. In instances where the body fails to produce insulin, your body then becomes resistant to the insulin, causing a disorder known as diabetes.
What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
The Diabetes symptoms do vary depending on how much the blood level is elevated. Many people experiencing pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes may not experience any symptoms. It is not until it is type 1 diabetes when the symptoms become even stronger. Here are some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
- Unexplained weight loss
- Slow-healing sores frequent infections
- Blurred vision
All this may be the universal signs and symptoms of diabetes. But there are other signs and symptom that comes faster. They are called the early signs of diabetes.
Early Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
Frequent visits to toilets
Diabetic persons will have to pee more often than an average person. The situation is caused by the fact that the body is continually reabsorbing glucose as it passes through kidneys. Gestational Diabetes symptoms will will be the same for both men and women. Diabetes symptoms in women and men will push the blood sugar high hence making it hard for the organs to absorb them all. The outcome then is a frequent visitor to the toilets to get rid of excess glucose. The frequent peeing makes the diabetic person pee more often.
Hunger and fatigue
When your body is not able to produce insulin that is responsible for digesting glucose, you will lack energy since glucose is not being effectively utilized. It makes the person feel hunger and thirstier all the time.
Other early symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes include dry mouth and itchy skin. It is easier to get dehydrated when you are frequently peeing. Your body will lack moisture resulting in dry mouth and itchy skin. You may also experience blurred vision due to the swelling up of lenses in your eyes.
What are the Types of Diabetes?
Let’s deliberate on the signs and symptoms of both types of diabetes. We have type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
After a long time of high glucose content, you will begin to experience some signs of type 2 diabetes. They include
- Yeast infection
Yeast infection is common to both men and women. it feeds on glucose. When you have plenty of glucose will make the yeast thrive well. You will then experience yield infections around the fold of skins, including areas between fingers, sex organs, and also under the breast.
- pain and numbness around the feet or legs
Long term effect of high glucose levels will lead to nerve damage will cause a shock and numbness in feet’s and legs
- sores, and cuts heal slowly
High blood sugar also affects blood flow and will result in nerve damage. When this happens, it will be so hard for wounds to heal.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms
The most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes include
- Nausea and vomiting as a result of the burning of fats, which leads to a buildup of ketones. It leads to a dangerous effect called Diabetic Ketoacidosis Symptoms
- The condition can make you feel sick in the stomach.
- Loss of weight. The body resorts to burning muscles to generate .energy for use in the body.
What Warning Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes are the same in Men and Women?
The warning signs of diabetes that are common to both men and women include.
What are Risk Factors for Diabetes in Men and Women?
The risk factors for diabetes in both men and women are divided into two: type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
The type one diabetes usually starts in childhood. When the increase stops making insulin, you will be experiencing type 1 diabetes. The risk factors that lead to type 1 diabetes includes;
- Infection or illness
- The disease of the pancreases
- family history
The three risk factors may enhance type 1 diabetes. It is essential to be careful with these cases lest it affects you.
Type 2 diabetes
When facing issues with type 2 diabetes, your body is unable to use the insulin that it makes. It so familiar with adults, but they can also occur at every stage in life. The risk factors include;
- Impaired glucose tolerance
- Ethnic background
- Family history
How Does Diabetes Affect Men Differently than Women?
From the research, 45% of males with diabetes develop erectile dysfunction problems because the nerve, muscles, and bleed vessels have been damaged. It is one of the diabetes symptoms in men. Women have been reported to have a much higher chance of heart disease, kidney, and also cases of depression. Diabetes is far more life-threatening than for women than men.
Is There a Test to Diagnose Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?
Yes, there is a test that will make it possible to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes. They include;
- blood sugar test
- hemoglobin test and
- Glucose tolerance test.
Diabetes is one of the deadliest diseases that will need immediate treatment. It is essential to be careful with the signs and symptoms. In case you experience any signs and symptoms, you should consult a doctor so that you get proper medication.
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